In the flowering plant family Rutaceae, the lemon (Citrus limon) is a species of small evergreen trees that is indigenous to Asia, particularly Northeast India (Assam), Northern Myanmar, or China.
The ellipsoidal yellow fruit of the tree is utilised for both culinary and non-culinary applications all over the world. Its juice is particularly useful for both cleaning and cooking. Additionally, the rind and pulp are utilised in baking and cooking. Lemon juice has a pH of 2.2 and contains 5% to 6% citric acid, giving it a tart flavour. Lemon juice is a vital component in a variety of dishes and beverages, including lemonade and lemon meringue pie, due to its particular sour flavour.
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People frequently utilise the popular fruit lemons to flavour cuisine in modest amounts. They rarely eat them by themselves, though, because of the strong, sour flavour.
Lemons are a wonderful source of vitamin C and add flavour to baked goods, sauces, salad dressings, marinades, drinks, and desserts.
A 58 gramme (g) lemon has more than 30 milligrammes (mg) of vitamin C.
A lack of vitamin C might cause health issues because it is crucial for good health. Because scurvy, a potentially fatal ailment that was frequent among sailors, was well known to the early explorers, they carried lemons on their lengthy travels to help avoid or treat it.
Lemons include a lot of heart-healthy vitamin C and a number of advantageous plant chemicals that could possibly decrease cholesterol.
Research on animals suggests that plant components and lemon extract may help people lose weight, but results on people are uncertain.
Lemon juice may aid in kidney stone prevention. But more high-quality research is required.
Citric acid and vitamin C in lemons aid in the absorption of non-heme iron from plants. This might stop anaemia.
In experiments on animals, certain plant compounds present in lemons have been shown to prevent cancer. Human studies are however required.
Lemons' soluble fibre may benefit intestinal health. But you must consume the lemon's pulp as well as its juice.