The tomato is an edible berry that tops up most Indian dishes, and Growzo delivers the highest quality frreshly plucked tomatoes to your doorstep. Western South America, Mexico, and Central America are where the species first appeared. The Spanish term tomate, from which the English word tomato descended, was derived from the Mexican Nahuatl word tomatl. It may have been domesticated and used as farmed food by the indigenous peoples of Mexico. At the time of the Spanish invasion of the Aztec Empire, the Aztecs employed tomatoes in their cookery. After the Spanish first came into touch with the tomato after their conquest of the Aztec Empire, they transported the plant to Europe in what is known as the Columbian exchange. During the 16th century, the tomato was spread from there to other European-colonized regions of the world.
A key source of umami flavor is tomatoes. They are eaten in a variety of meals, sauces, salads, and beverages, both raw and cooked. Although tomatoes are technically considered berries by botanists, they are frequently utilized in cooking as a vegetable element or side dish. Throughout the world, a great variety of tomato plants are cultivated in temperate regions, and greenhouses enable the production of tomatoes at all times of the year. Typically, tomato plants reach heights of 1-3 meters (3–10 feet). They are vines with weak stems that sprawl and frequently require assistance. In their natural habitat, indeterminate tomato plants are perennials; nonetheless, they are grown as annuals. (Determinate, or bush, plants are annuals that reach a specific height before stopping to develop and giving birth to a crop all at once.) The width of a tomato can range from 1 to 10 cm (1 to 24 inches), depending on the cultivar.
Tomato plants often have many branches, a spread of 60–180 cm (24–72 inches), and a tendency to trail while bearing fruit, though other varieties are compact and erect. The leaves can grow up to 45 cm (18 inches) long, are slightly hairy, and have a pungent smell. Yellow pendant, five-petaled flowers measure 2 cm (0.8 inches) across and are grouped together. Berries with a diameter of 1.5 to 7.5 cm (0.6 to 3 inches) or greater are considered fruits. Although green and purple variations do exist, they are often red, scarlet, or yellow and can range in shape from practically spherical to oval and elongate to pear-shaped. Each fruit has two or more cells of tiny seeds enclosed in a jelly-like pulp.
The plant needs a lot of sunlight and relatively warm temperatures; in colder locations, hothouses are primarily where it is grown. To keep the stems and fruits off the ground, tomatoes are typically staked, tied, or caged. Consistent watering is also required to prevent blossom-end rot and fruit breaking. Numerous pests and diseases, including bacterial wilt, early blight, mosaic virus, fusarium wilt, nematodes, and tomato hornworms, can affect the plants. Crop rotation, the application of fungicides and insecticides, and the planting of resistant types are effective ways to manage many of these issues. Breeders have utilized a closely related species called the little currant tomato (S. pimpinellifolium) to cross numerous pest- and disease-resistant tomato types.
• Lycopene and lutein, two carotenoids found in tomatoes, are vital for human health. Additionally, these carotenoids have qualities that can shield against prostate cancer. Consuming tomatoes regularly will guarantee that you receive a variety of nutrients that will improve the way your body functions.
• May support male fertility
• May support cardiovascular health
• May support metabolic syndrome
• May support heart health
• May support the prevention of constipation
• May support the prevention of type 2 diabetes
• May reduce the risk of cancer
You can freeze tomatoes, and you can give yourself the gift of frozen fruits in the winter when you're yearning for the sweetness of summer tomatoes. If you have an abundance of ripe tomatoes and you won't be able to utilize them all, rinse, dry, remove the stems, and then freeze the tomatoes in a freezer-safe bag or container. That's how simple it is!
Place the frozen tomatoes in a dish of warm water when you're ready to consume them. You can simply peel off the skins after a few minutes in the water. When it comes to frozen tomatoes, you should save them for prepared meals like spaghetti sauce. For foods like a Caprese salad or an open-faced sandwich, which taste better when made with fresh tomatoes, wait till summer.
Cooking methods for tomatoes include roasting, stewing, sautéing, frying, and adding them to other foods. Tomatoes can be consumed on their own as a side dish or an appetizer after cooking. Additionally, they can be included in soups, stews, sauces, and other savory foods.
1. Tomatoes lessen greasiness.
2. Tomatoes close pores that are open.
3. Tomatoes have a skin-lightening effect.
4. Tomatoes with a reverse tan.
5. Tomatoes reduce aging's telltale signs.
6. Tomatoes lessen sunburn's effects.
Minerals and vitamins
A good source of various vitamins and minerals is tomato:
• The vitamin C. This vitamin is both an antioxidant and a necessary nutrient. About 28% of the Reference Daily Intake can be obtained from one medium tomato (RDI).
• Potassium. Potassium is a crucial mineral that lowers blood pressure and prevents heart disease (3Trusted Source).
• K1 vitamin Vitamin K, sometimes called phylloquinone, is crucial for healthy blood coagulation and bones.
The water content of tomatoes is around 95%. The other 5% consists mainly of carbohydrates and fiber.
Here are the nutrients in a small (100-gram) raw tomato
Protein: 0.9 grams
Carbs: 3.9 grams
Sugar: 2.6 grams
Fiber: 1.2 grams
Fat: 0.2 grams